AI-WATCH NEWSLETTER VOLUME 21

AI-Watch Newsletter VOLUME 21, November 12th, 2023 

By Gordon Rogers, Gary Lapman, Mark Miller, Richard Bradford 

AI-WATCH 

Courtesy of worldview4d.com worldview4d.com/ai-watch 

A weekly newsletter and blog focused on our opinions of the most significant developments in artificial intelligence and their relevance to the real world. Releases Sundays at Noon, PST. 

 

Contents: This week’s focus 

Tickler of the Week:<?  

Note from worldview4d.com: This week’s focus: Information on Disinformation 

Government Activities: New Regs on AI, Securing Democracy 

Business News: SAG AFTRA Deal

Daily Life: Personal Hacks, Be Ready for AI Trends, 

General AI: The Singularity and Hardsoftware

New Business: Optics in AI and Quantum Computing: Ultra-wide Quantum-Optical Bandwidth, Splitters

Conclusions: Definition, Theorem, PROOF 

 

 

Tickler of the Week:<?  

Spock to Nomad: “Everything I Say Is A Lie.” 

Nomad: “Accepted” 

Spock: “I am Lying: 

Nomad: “>>? …>>?…” 

Spock: :>) 

 

Note from worldview4d.com: Think Info on DISinfo 

What do you think they want you to think? Is it possible that everything you know is wrong?

Personally, as a math and quality assurance guy, I would unequivocally say “NO”, some things that I “know” are true. Deriving general “truth” from these facts is more tenuous-DFMEA- Design Failure Mode and Effect Analysis. “

Disinformation supply chain refers to the process of creating and spreading false or misleading information through various channels. It is a complex and multi-layered process that involves different actors and stages. According to a recent study, disinformation can cause significant disruptions in the supply chain, leading to negative impacts on firms’ operational performance123.

The following are the different stages of the disinformation supply chain:

  1. Creation: In this stage, false or misleading information is created by individuals or groups with malicious intent. This information can be in the form of fake news, rumors, or manipulated images and videos. (i.e. Deepfake methods/Rogers)
  2. Amplification: In this stage, the created information is amplified through various channels, such as social media, blogs, and news websites. The goal is to reach a large audience and create a sense of urgency or panic.
  3. Distribution: In this stage, the information is distributed to the target audience through various channels, such as email, messaging apps, and SMS.
  4. Consumption: In this stage, the target audience consumes the information and may share it with others, leading to further amplification and distribution.
  5. Impact: In this stage, the disinformation has an impact on the target audience, which can range from confusion and mistrust to social unrest and political instability.

To mitigate the risks associated with disinformation, firms can adopt various strategies, such as fact-checking, media literacy, and blockchain technology1.

1: Petratos, P. N., & Faccia, A. (2023). Fake news, misinformation, disinformation and supply chain risks and disruptions: risk management and resilience using blockchain. Annals of Operations Research, 327(2), 735-762. Link 2: Singh, S., & Singh, S. (2022). Role of fake news and misinformation in supply chain disruption: a study of Indian firms. Annals of Operations Research, 1-22. Link 3: Kovacs, G., & Sigala, M. (2023). Editorial: fake news, misinformation, and supply chain management: challenges and opportunities. Annals of Operations Research, 1-6. Link” -Bing Bot

EU official calls out X as largest promotor of disinformation

“My message for Twitter/X is…We will be watching what you do,” official says.

Since Elon Musk’s takeover of Twitter—now X—in April 2022, the site has become “the platform with the largest ratio of mis- or disinformation posts,” European Commission Vice President Vera Jourova said Tuesday at a press conference in Brussels.

Jourova’s comments come months after a former data scientist at Twitter told Defense One that Musk’s disbanding of the team that monitored the site for disinformation made a growth in foreign disinformation more likely. –PATRICK TUCKER SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY EDITOR, DEFENSE ONE, SEPTEMBER 26, 2023 EU official calls out X as largest promoter of disinformation – Defense One

An earlier version of this method was detailed by the German Marshall Fund specifically calling out Russian Disinformation using algorithms on Facebook by Fox and other outlets benefiting then President Trump:

New Study by Digital New Deal Finds Engagement with Deceptive Outlets Higher on Facebook Today Than Run-up to 2016 Election | German Marshall Fund of the United States (gmfus.org)

There have been several Judicial activities working to identify and mitigate the impact of Russian Military Intelligence disinformation programs. A few are shown next.
https://www.justice.gov/usao-edva/press-release/file/1102591/download
https://www.justice.gov/file/1080281/download for a full detailed overview of Russian Active Measures, Please see the five volume set on this subject, at https://www.intelligence.senate.gov/publications/report-select-committee-intelligence-united-states-senate-russian-active-measures culminating with the conclusion:
For additional perspective on these matters, please also see volumes 12 and 14 of this newsletter: https://worldview4d.com/ai-watch-newsletter-volume-12/, https://worldview4d.com/ai-watch-newsletter-volume-14/ .

 

For a bit of levity, I think Prigozhin’s “Flight Risk” of  was mis-interpreted for his part in this: “Yevgeniy Viktorovich Prigozhin is wanted by the FBI for his alleged involvement in a conspiracy to defraud the United States by impairing, obstructing, and defeating the lawful functions of the Federal Election Commission, the United States Department of Justice, and the United States Department of State: SHOULD BE CONSIDERED AN INTERNATIONAL FLIGHT RISK” https://www.fbi.gov/wanted/counterintelligence/yevgeniy-viktorovich-prigozhin/@@download.pdf

Government Activities: Currents:  

FACT SHEET: President Biden Issues Executive Order on Safe, Secure, and Trustworthy Artificial Intelligence

a) Require that developers of the most powerful AI systems share their safety test results and other critical information with the U.S. government.

b) Develop standards, tools, and tests to help ensure that AI systems are safe, secure, and trustworthy.

c) Protect against the risks of using AI to engineer dangerous biological materials

d) Protect Americans from AI-enabled fraud and deception by establishing standards and best practices for detecting AI-generated content and authenticating official content.

e) Establish an advanced cybersecurity program to develop AI tools to find and fix vulnerabilities in critical software

f) Order the development of a National Security Memorandum that directs further actions on AI and security, 

and further controls “Protecting Americans’ Privacy, Advancing Equity and Civil Rights, Standing Up for Consumers, Patients, and Students, Supporting Workers, Promoting Innovation and Competition, Advancing American Leadership Abroad, and Ensuring Responsible and Effective Government Use of AI”

FACT SHEET: President Biden Issues Executive Order on Safe, Secure, and Trustworthy Artificial Intelligence | The White House

Statement from President Joe Biden on the Tentative Agreement Between the Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers and SAG-AFTRA | The White House 

(Also, See “Business News” section below)

French report warns about foreign interference | Meta requires AI disclosures in political ads | Moldova bans Russian-financed candidates- Report of the Parliamentary Offices n°1454 – 16th Legislature – National Assembly (assemblee-nationale.fr), Meta to Require Campaigns to Disclose AI-Altered Political Ads – WSJ, Moldova Bars Pro-Russian Party’s Candidates From Local Elections (rferl.org) Securing Democracy Dispatch: French report warns about foreign interference | Meta requires AI disclosures in political ads | Moldova bans Russian-financed candidates (gmfus.org)

Business News: 

SAG-AFTRA deal includes AI protections, sources say-

enshrined in the tentative deal are protections around artificial intelligence. The SAG-AFTRA union — which represents more than 150,000 film and television performers — and the Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers, known as AMPTP, have agreed to meet twice a year to make sure they are following federal regulations of AI as it continues to evolve, the sources said.

SAG-AFTRA deal includes higher minimum wages for background actors and AI protections, sources say (msn.com)

Daily Life: 

On Friday, the 10th of November, I was advised by my brother, Bruce Rogers, World famous orchid consultant, that his was finances were hacked this week- I immediately directed him to report the matter to the FBI… I will be providing further analysis of the events, methods and recourse in later volumes.

10 Most Vital AI Trends We Need to be Ready for in 2024

1. AI-Powered Cybersecurity: The New Digital Shield, 2. Explainable AI: Demystifying the Black Box, 3. AI-Driven Process Automation: Efficiency Amplified, 4. AI in Healthcare: Revolutionizing Patient Care, 5. AI Ethics and Bias Mitigation: A Moral Imperative, 6. AI-Enabled Edge Computing: Power at the Periphery, 7. AI-Powered Personalization: Tailoring Experiences, 8. Quantum Computing and AI: The Ultimate Synergy, 9. AI in Human Resources: The Rise of Workplace Intelligence, 10. AI-Powered Supply Chain Optimization: From Predictive to Prescriptive

10 Most Vital AI Trends We Need to be Ready for in 2024 | Entrepreneur

 

General AI:

A Scientist Says the Singularity Will Happen by 2031

There’s at least one expert who believes that “the singularity”—the moment when artificial intelligence surpasses the control of humans—could be three to eight years away.

When Will the Singularity Happen? Scientist Says by 2031 (popularmechanics.com)

Quoting the file: “The hardware is the software
J´er´emie Laydevant,1, 2, ∗ Logan G. Wright,1, 3, 4, † Tianyu Wang,1, ‡ and Peter L. McMahon1, 5, §
1School of Applied and Engineering Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
2USRA Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science, Mountain View, CA 94035, USA
3NTT Physics and Informatics Laboratories, NTT Research, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA 94085, USA
4Department of Applied Physics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
5Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
This is an opinion paper prepared for the journal Neuron’s NeuroViews section.
Human brains and bodies are not hardware running software: the hardware is the software. We reason that because the microscopic physics of artificial-intelligence hardware and of human biological “hardware” is distinct, neuromorphic engineers need to be cautious (and yet also creative) in how we take inspiration from biological intelligence. We should focus primarily on principles and design ideas that respect—and embrace—the underlying hardware physics of non-biological intelligent systems, rather than abstracting it away. We see a major role for neuroscience in neuromorphic computing as identifying the physics-agnostic principles of biological intelligence—that is the principles of biological intelligence that can be gainfully adapted and applied to any physical
hardware” – 2310.18335.pdf (arxiv.org)  

New Business: Optics in AI and Quantum Computing:

 

Multiplexed Processing of Quantum Information Across an
Ultra-wide Optical Bandwidth
Alon Eldan, Ofek Gilon, Asher Lagimi, Elai Forman, Avi Pe’er∗
Department of Physics and QUEST Center for Quantum Science and Technology,
Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan 5290002, Israel
(Dated: November 1, 2023)
Abstract
Quantum information processing is the foundation of quantum technology. Protocols of quantum information share secrets between two distant parties for secure communication (quantum key distribution), teleport quantum states, and stand at the heart of quantum computation. While various protocols of quantum communication have already been realized, and even commercialized, their communication speed is generally low, limited by the narrow electronic bandwidth of the measurement apparatus in the MHz-to-GHz range, which is orders-of-magnitude lower than the optical bandwidth of available quantum optical sources (10-100 THz). We present and demonstrate an efficient method to process quantum information with such broadband sources in parallel over multiplexed frequency channels using parametric homodyne detection for simultaneous measurement of all the channels. Specifically, we propose two basic protocols: A multiplexed Continuous Variable Quantum Key Distribution (CV-QKD) and A multiplexed continuous-variable quantum teleportation protocol. We demonstrate the multiplexed CV-QKD protocol in a proof-of-principle experiment, where we successfully carry out QKD over 23 uncorrelated spectral channels and show the ability to detect eavesdropping in any of them. These multiplexed methods (and similar) will enable to carry out quantum processing in parallel over hundreds of channels, potentially increasing the throughput of quantum protocols by orders of magnitude. – 2310.17819.pdf (arxiv.org)

 

PHOTONICA2023 5. Devices and components
101
Multiport splitters based on waveguide arrays
K. Bugarski1,2, P. Vildoso3,4, M. Stojanovic1
, A. Maluckov1
, G.Z. Mashanovich2,5, R.A. Vicencio3,4 and J.
Petrovic1
1Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences – National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, University of Belgrade, Serbia
2School of Electrical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Serbia
3Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Universidad de Chile, Chile 4Millenium Institute for Research in Optics – MIRO, Chile 5Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton, UK
e-mail: kolja.bugarski@vin.bg.ac.rs
Conventional designs of multiport splitters rely on concatenation of directional couplers or multimode interference [1,2]. However, the splitters show a considerable insertion loss and fast bandwidth drop with the number of ports. Inverse nanodesigns enable broad-bandwidth semiconductor splitters,
however, at high fabrication and design costs [3,4].
In this work, we present fast and low-cost inverse designs of multiport splitters with near-zero insertion loss and respectable bandwidth. Designs are based on adjustments of the separations or lengths of waveguides composing a linearly coupled waveguide array.
By tailoring the separations to achieve self-imaging of the input light pattern, a series of 1×N splitters can be achieved prior to the revival [5,6]. To demonstrate the technique, the power splitters were fabricated in a borosilicate wafer by femtosecond laser writing method [7]. The splitters show zero and low imbalance < 0.5 dB [8]. Their footprint scales exponentially with the waveguide separation, which can be reduced to the limit of mode confinement. The footprint reduction is particularly pronounced in waveguides with high refractive index contrast, such as those in SOI, where we design the splitters with the footprint as small as 6 µm2. The proposed splitters offer new possibilities for path-entanglement generation, multipath interferometry on chip and spatial mode multiplexing.
Figure 1. (a) Femtosecond laser writing technique. (b) Splitter testing setup and output light intensity recorded. – Book of Abstracts – PHOTONICA 2023.pdf (bg.ac.rs)

Conclusions: 

While any conclusions on the current state-of-affairs in artificial Intelligence would be speculative, what remains clear is the urgency of review and investigation into the ‘what if’ scenarios of the current artificial intelligence environment. My biggest question is when common interests in related technologies will become involved in developing the inherent advantages of the suggested neuromorphic optical architecture. As a ‘Math Guy’, I continue to rely on the standard ‘Definition-Theorem-Proof’ approach in these matters. An intuitive geometric proof can be seen in the optical interconnect work (and page herein. Please visit the site and review these many advantages thoroughly. Thanks for reading and best regards! 

https://worldview4d.com/ 

https://worldview4d.com/optical-interconnection/ 

 

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