AI-WATCH NEWSLETTER VOLUME 24

February 29th, 2024

READY TO LEAP INTO SPRING?

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Our cover gif is from Pakistan’s Presidential Candidate Imran Khan’s Deepfake while he’s actually in prison for corruption by selling state property for personal gain and leaking the country’s Classified Information.

By Gordon Rogers, and Gary Lapman, 

AI-WATCH

Courtesy of worldview4d.com worldview4d.com/ai-watch

A monthly newsletter and blog focused on our opinions of the most significant developments in artificial intelligence and their relevance to the real world. Releases the last Sunday of the month at Noon, PST.

Contents: This week’s focus: Disinformation and Misinformation: Methods, Impacts and Remedies

Tickler of the Week:

The Groundhog said…”Duh”- and the Antarctica icesheet looks cool

Note from worldview4d.com: Iterative Binary and N-ary truths; Disinformation and the Border: Russia Attacks Texas, Elon’s Booming Lies from the Skies: a flimsy StarLink, AIFAKE NEWS Sites, Khan’s Con: Deepfake, Attack Modis Operandi, Disinformation on Disinformation, AI Remedies: Fighting Deepfakes

DEPARTMENTS

Daily Life: (As if Deepfakes weren’t enough)

Government Activities: Russia, Russia, Russia

General AI:  Algebraic Architecture Analysis

New Business: Optics in AI and Quantum Computing: 

Conclusion: Spherical Arguments

Note from worldview4d.com:

Disinformation is not new. From every Snake-Oil Fraudster to governments and religions claiming victory or singular solutions to everything, fakes have been with us throughout history. With the advent of Large Language Models and their associated image and video capabilities in the context of Social Media, this pervasive treat has become even more threatening to us all. This month we will examine in some detail the methods and impacts of this trend.

The depiction shows the false narrative that Ramses II won the Battle of Kadesh when in fact the battle was really more of a draw, resulting in the world’s first known peace treaty.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kadesh

DAILY LIFE

Billy Joel AI Vocals

Autonomous Vehicle videos

https://www.youtube.com/@wenhua-yu-ai-lesson-en

Government Activities

THIS IS NOT NEW

The Invention of Russia https://www.amazon.com/Invention-Russia-Rise-Putin-Fake/dp/0399564179

Similarly, Operation “Secondary Infektion relies on forgeries and fake media that attempt to enter local sources and penetrate mainstream news, typically targeting democratic governments and institutions abroad with stories intended to generate rage, confusion, and doubt in regional geopolitics

.” https://www.recordedfuture.com/blog/secondary-infektion-targeting-democratic-institutions

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7094304/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6137759/

https://www.wsj.com/world/china/chinas-growth-slows-to-three-decade-low-excluding-pandemic-93d61487

https://csl.mpg.de/en/projects/philosophical-and-public-security-law-implications-of-stochastic-terrorism

Lies eventually catch up to the teller-

https://jamestown.org/program/putins-active-measures-and-hidden-discussion-between-the-kremlin-and-military/

 

GOP Witness Smirnov indicted in Hunter Biden Bribery Case as a Russian Intelligence asset

https://www.justice.gov/sco-weiss/pr/grand-jury-returns-indictment-charging-fbi-confidential-human-source-felony-false

 

On a more positive note, government activities can be not simply benign, but constructive and even true:

Vientos—A New Satellite Mission Concept
for 3D Wind Measurements by Combining
Passive Water Vapor Sounders with Doppler
Wind Lidar https://repository.library.noaa.gov/view/noaa/56855

New Business:

StarLink Dissection: Cheap, Old, Flimsy Tech in New Spaceborne Disinformation Delivery System

TSP #181 – Starlink Dish Phased Array Design, Architecture & RF In-depth Analysis

At first blush, there is no infringement on U. S. Patent https://patents.google.com/patent/US10313025, but there may be a great deal of room for improvement-

Khan’s Con from Prison via AIVid Deepfake:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f-W1X3X3r8k
TREASON?  Not a problem unique to America-
https://www.cnbc.com/2024/01/30/former-pakistan-prime-minister-imran-khan-gets-10-year-jail-term.html
Selling State Property?
https://www.npr.org/2024/01/30/1227870386/pakistan-imran-khan-sentenced-10-years

The rise of AI fake news is creating a ‘misinformation superspreader’

AI is making it easy for anyone to create propaganda outlets, producing content that can be hard to differentiate from real news

December 17, 2023 at 6:00 a.m. EST

Artificial intelligence is automating the creation of fake news, spurring an explosion of web content mimicking factual articles that instead disseminates false information about elections, wars and natural disasters.

Tech is not your friend. We are. Sign up for The Tech Friend newsletter.

Since May, websites hosting AI-created false articles have increased by more than 1,000 percent, ballooning from 49 sites to more than 600, according to NewsGuard, an organization that tracks misinformation.

Historically, propaganda operations have relied on armies of low-paid workers or highly coordinated intelligence organizations to build sites that appear to be legitimate. But AI is making it easy for nearly anyone — whether they are part of a spy agency or just a teenager in their basement — to create these outlets, producing content that is at times hard to differentiate from real news.

One AI-generated article recounted a made-up story about Benjamin Netanyahu’s psychiatrist, a NewsGuard investigation found, alleging that he had died and left behind a note suggesting the involvement of the Israeli prime minister. The psychiatrist appears to have been fictitious, but the claim was featured on an Iranian TV show, and it was recirculated on media sites in Arabic, English and Indonesian, and spread by users on TikTok, Reddit and Instagram.

How to avoid falling for misinformation, AI images on social media

The heightened churn of polarizing and misleading content may make it difficult to know what is true — harming political candidates, military leaders and aid efforts. Misinformation experts said the rapid growth of these sites is particularly worrisome in the run-up to the 2024 elections.

“Some of these sites are generating hundreds if not thousands of articles a day,” said Jack Brewster, a researcher at NewsGuard who conducted the investigation. “This is why we call it the next great misinformation superspreader.”

Generative artificial intelligence has ushered in an era in which chatbots, image makers and voice cloners can produce content that seems human-made.

Well-dressed AI-generated news anchors are spewing pro-Chinese propaganda, amplified by bot networks sympathetic to Beijing. In Slovakia, politicians up for election found their voices had been cloned to say controversial things they never uttered, days before voters went to the polls. A growing number of websites, with generic names such as iBusiness Day or Ireland Top News, are delivering fake news made to look genuine, in dozens of languages from Arabic to Thai.

Readers can easily be fooled by the websites.

Global Village Space, which published the piece on Netanyahu’s alleged psychiatrist, is flooded with articles on a variety of serious topics. There are pieces detailing U.S. sanctions on Russian weapons suppliers; the oil behemoth Saudi Aramco’s investments in Pakistan; and the United States’ increasingly tenuous relationship with China.

The site also contains essays written by a Middle East think tank expert, a Harvard-educated lawyer and the site’s chief executive, Moeed Pirzada, a television news anchor from Pakistan. (Pirzada did not respond to a request for comment. Two contributors confirmed they have written articles appearing on Global Village Space.)

But sandwiched in with these ordinary stories are AI-generated articles, Brewster said, such as the piece on Netanyahu’s psychiatrist, which was relabeled as “satire” after NewsGuard reached out to the organization during its investigation. NewsGuard says the story appears to have been based on a satirical piece published in June 2010, which made similar claims about an Israeli psychiatrist’s death.

Quiz: Did AI make this? Test your knowledge.

Having real and AI-generated news side-by-side makes deceptive stories more believable. “You have people that simply are not media literate enough to know that this is false,” said Jeffrey Blevins, a misinformation expert and journalism professor at the University of Cincinnati. “It’s misleading.”

Websites similar to Global Village Space may proliferate during the 2024 election, becoming an efficient way to distribute misinformation, media and AI experts said.

The sites work in two ways, Brewster said. Some stories are created manually, with people asking chatbots for articles that amplify a certain political narrative and posting the result to a website. The process can also be automatic, with web scrapers searching for articles that contain certain keywords, and feeding those stories into a large language model that rewrites them to sound unique and evade plagiarism allegations. The result is automatically posted online.

NewsGuard locates AI-generated sites by scanning for error messages or other language that “indicates that the content was produced by AI tools without adequate editing,” the organization says.

The motivations for creating these sites vary. Some are intended to sway political beliefs or wreak havoc. Other sites churn out polarizing content to draw clicks and capture ad revenue, Brewster said. But the ability to turbocharge fake content is a significant security risk, he added.

Technology has long fueled misinformation. In the lead-up to the 2020 U.S. election, Eastern European troll farms — professional groups that promote propaganda — built large audiences on Facebook disseminating provocative content on Black and Christian group pages, reaching 140 million users per month.

You are probably spreading misinformation. Here’s how to stop.

Pink-slime journalism sites, named after the meat byproduct, often crop up in small towns where local news outlets have disappeared, generating articles that benefit the financiers that fund the operation, according to the media watchdog Poynter.

But Blevins said those techniques are more resource-intensive compared with artificial intelligence. “The danger is the scope and scale with AI … especially when paired with more sophisticated algorithms,” he said. “It’s an information war on a scale we haven’t seen before.”

It’s not clear whether intelligence agencies are using AI-generated news for foreign influence campaigns, but it is a major concern. “I would not be shocked at all that this is used — definitely next year with the elections,” Brewster said. “It’s hard not to see some politician setting up one of these sites to generate fluff content about them and misinformation about their opponent.”

Blevins said people should watch for clues in articles, “red flags” such as “really odd grammar” or errors in sentence construction. But the most effective tool is to increase media literacy among average readers.

“Make people aware that there are these kinds of sites that are out there. This is the kind of harm they can cause,” he said. “But also recognize that not all sources are equally credible. Just because something claims to be a news site doesn’t mean that they actually have a journalist … producing content.”

Regulation, he added, is largely nonexistent. It may be difficult for governments to clamp down on fake news content, for fear of running afoul of free-speech protections. That leaves it to social media companies, which haven’t done a good job so far.

It’s infeasible to deal quickly with the sheer number of such sites. “It’s a lot like playing whack-a-mole,” Blevins said.

“You spot one [site], you shut it down, and there’s another one created someplace else,” he added. “You’re never going to fully catch up with it.”

By Pranshu Verma

Pranshu Verma is a reporter on The Washington Post’s technology team. Before joining The Post in 2022, he covered technology at the Boston Globe. Before that, he was a reporting fellow at the New York Times and the Philadelphia Inquirer. Twitter

More From The Post

As expected, one has difficulty discerning AI generated news (i.e. fake), versus real news.  It makes it almost impossible to know what to ignore or hold sacrosanct.  “Sic semper tyrannis”, or essentially the tyrant will fall eventually, but wouldn’t be much better to not elect the tyrant in the first place because of something that convinced you of truth, when it wasn’t!

-GBL

Remedies?

https://apnews.com/article/ai-generated-election-deepfakes-munich-accord-meta-google-microsoft-tiktok-x-c40924ffc68c94fac74fa994c520fc06

Business:

The most promising AI smart glasses are from a brand you’ve never heard of

No, it’s not Meta or Xreal. The Frame by Brilliant Labs is touted as the world’s first glasses with an integrated multimodal AI assistant.

Written by June Wan, Reviews Editor Feb. 8, 2024 at 6:00 a.m. PT

 

Brilliant Labs

Brilliant Labs today is announcing the launch of Frame, what the company calls the world’s first glasses with an integrated multimodal AI assistant. If your definition of smart glasses includes placing visual overlays in your environment and seeing text floating as you wander about, then the Frame — not the dozens of screen-mirroring glasses — is the one you’ve been waiting for.

You can ask the always-on AI assistant, “Noa,” questions about what’s in front of you, how many calories you’re about to consume, or what’s written on that foreign signage, and it’ll find the most appropriate AI model to answer, from GPT-4V for visual-based queries, to Stable Diffusion model for image generation, to Perplexity AI for search.

The Perplexity integration is arguably the most notable AI partnership of the Frame, with its search capabilities rivaling Google and being able to generate fast and reliable results. “On a more technical level, we’ve tried a lot of stuff, and there’s just no one as fast. Speed matters when you’re in that moment and only have a few seconds to know about something before moving to the next thing,” Bobak Tavangar, CEO of Brilliant Labs, tells me.

The form factor of the Frame is based on retro, “off-beat style” glasses, as Bobak calls it, that the late Steve Jobs, John Lennon, and Gandhi wore. “This (technology) is so new and unfamiliar, so we tried to reference something that looks familiar but at the same time has a lot of lineage to our shared pop culture.” Hidden within the lenses is a projector that can beam out text and images to roughly 20 degrees diagonal of field of view. It’s more than sufficient to display around the AI output use case and feels like an iPad Pro at arm’s length, I’m told. See below for a first look at the Frame glasses.

It’s difficult not to draw comparisons between the Frame and the Meta Ray-Ban smart glasses; both wearables are purposed to put an AI assistant on your face, available at all times. But there’s one thing the Frame isn’t doing, and you may or may not like it: It won’t capture and store images and videos. There’s only one front-facing sensor on the Frame, and as soon as it captures what’s in front of you when answering visual-based questions, like “What would you recommend on this menu for vegans?”, the data gets discarded shortly after.

However, like the Meta Ray-Ban, the Frame is powered by your smartphone and operates on the cellular or Wi-Fi network that it’s connected to, meaning the AI wearable is not intended to replace your phone. That also means that the glasses will be just that, a fashion accessory and nothing more, when you’re on the subway or in an area with very, very poor signal.

If there’s one thing that Bobak wants to leave readers with, it’s his belief in creating a device that’s open-source and hackable (in the better sense). “It’s essential for developers, hackers, artists, mad scientists to sink their teeth into this technology and really understand their implications, for all of us, collectively,” he tells me.

The Frame is available for preorder today and retails for $349, with shipments beginning in April. Brilliant Labs has also partnered with AddOptics to provide “precision bonded” prescription lenses for those who need them.

This sounds great! If only they were more stylish… -GBL


The thing about bullshit is that it can’t be outsourced! … Jon Stewart


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6yaY4Fw-ovM

General AI:  

https://arxiv.org/abs/2402.15332v1

New Business:

https://www.photonics.com/Articles/Photonics_Reshapes_the_Future_of_Computing/a69683

Conclusion:

Thank you for reading and contributing your content!

While any conclusions on the current state-of-affairs in artificial Intelligence would be speculative, what remains clear are the urgency of both the current status and efforts and review and investigation into the ‘what if’ scenarios of the current artificial intelligence environment.

My biggest question is when common interests in related technologies will become involved in developing the inherent advantages of the suggested neuromorphic optical architecture. As a ‘Math Guy’, I continue to rely on the standard ‘Definition-Theorem-Proof’ approach in these matters.

An intuitive geometric proof can be seen in the optical interconnect work (and page below- with a major site update). Please visit the site and review these many advantages thoroughly and work with us to license the patent-

-(Please see SHOP

https://worldview4d.com/shop/

on our website)

Avid readers of this newsletter will note that we have converted from a weekly newsletter to a monthly release! We will be supplementing this great volume including your curated recommendations. ‘Much more to come-and continue with new volumes thereafter. 

Thanks again and best regards!

                                                                                    /Rogers

 

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